There are many diseases all around us and all over the world. Some we know quite well such as cancer, however there are many that we don’t know. Here are 15 weird diseases that you may not have ever heard about.
A person who suffers from this strange disease has urge to pull one’s hair out. Whether it is body hair, scalp hair, beard hair, eyelashes, nose hair or eyebrows. Abnormalities in the natural brain chemicals serotonin and dopamine may play a role in causing this disease.
2. Stendhal Syndrome:
This disease causes people who have it to experience dizziness, rapid heartbeat, confusion and hallucinations when exposed to large amounts of beautiful art work.
3. Capgras Delusion:
A sufferer of this disease becomes convinced that a family member generally a spouse has been replaced by an identical looking imposter. Victims of this awful disease regularly report that their loved ones or significant others are being impersonated by other people. Sometimes in severe cases, this has led to the victim assaulting who he or she believes is the imposter, but is actually the relative or spouse in question. Some victims even second guess their own reflections in the mirror!
This disease generates an urge to consume things other than food. Sufferers eat materials such as paper, clay, dirt, glue, coal, even feces and lint. Medical researchers have tenuously connected Pica with a mineral deficiency, however experts haven’t yet nailed down a real, firm cause or cure for this strange disorder.
5. Cotard’s Syndrome:
Those who suffer from this disease feel that they are dead and non-existent. The sufferer may also feel that he/she lost his or her blood or internal organs; the patient even feels that the internal parts are putrefying. It can show up due to mental illness and is also associated with depression.
6. Congenital insensitivity to pain:
There has been over 100 recorded cases in the United States of people who report the lack of painful sensations from things like pin pricks on their skin. The cause? A gene mutation which happens in the synthesis of a certain sodium channel associated with the neurons which control the reception and transmission of pain stimulus. Although this disease may sound advantageous, think again! People without pain sensations usually die early deaths from simple injuries, such as small cuts which others would feel and take care of. By contrast, individuals with congenital insensitivity to pain cannot feel such things and can actually suffer significant blood loss due to them.
7. Moebius Syndrome:
Annually, some 300 children in Europe are found to have Moebius Syndrome, a rare disease characterized by the lack of developed facial nerves as well as the subsequent lack of facial expressions. The main cause is totally unknown to medical researchers, however the effects are serious. Individuals with Moebius Syndrome are often seen sleeping with their eyes open. Additionally they cannot smile, frown, move their eyes in a lateral direction, or even control their blinking.
8. Alice in Wonderland Syndrome:
Clinicaly know as Micropsia, Alice in Wonderland Syndrome causes victims to have a malfunction in how their brain processes visual data, despite the lack of any problem with their eyes. As a result objects, other people, animals, and so on are percieved by the victim as being much smaller than they actually are. Victims have reported looking at dogs and seeing them as the size of mice, or looking at people who are very tall however seeing them as much shorter. The disease got its name from the fact that Lewis Carrol (the author of Alice in Wonderland) was considered to be suffering from it.
Elephantiasis (or lymphatic filariasis) is typified by individuals with grossly enlarged legs or arms. The cause? Parasitic worms such as the Wuchereria bancrofti and B. timori which get transmitted by mosquitoes. Approximately 120 million people have some kind of elephantiasis throughout the world, and of them 40 million have it to a severe extent. The scary aspect of this disease is that the symptoms may take years to show themselves even after the initial infection. This is due to the fact that an infected female misquito can inject the worm larvae into a person’s bloodstream, where they will reproduce and spread prior to becoming visible in the form of symptoms like enlarged arms, legs, breasts, and genitals.
10. Werewolf Syndrome:
Abys DeJesus led doctors to conclude that she had “Human Werewolf Syndrome”, at just 2 years old, when she grew patches of dark hair on her face. Very simply, the explanation for the name is the fact that individuals who have it look very much like werewolves. Rumor has it that two brothers suffering from the disease in Mexico were offered a part on the X-Files, but turned it down!
11. Necrotizing fasciitis (Flesh-eating bacteria):
Necrotizing fasciitis is a nasty strain of the more common Strep bacteria that causes Strep throat. When inflicted, the strain feasts on the soft tissue present in the subcutaneous level of your skin. There, it kills all skin and flesh in its path, causing it to literally rot away. In extreme cases, necrotizing fasciitis can consume entire limbs or very large and visible patches of skin! Worst of all, it can enter your body through minory injuries such as cuts and bruises.
12. Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva:
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva is an incredibly rare disease of the connective tissue. A mutation of the body’s repair system causes fibrous tissue (including muscle, tendon, and ligament) to become ossified when damaged. Many times, injuries may cause joints to become permanently frozen in place. Surgical removal of the extra bone growths can cause the body to “repair” the affected area with more bone. Children born with FOP characteristically have deformed great toes, perhaps missing a joint or simply presenting with a notable lump at the minor joint. The first “flare-up” that leads to the formation of FOP bones usually occurs before the age of 10.
13. Progeria: the 80-Year-Old Children:
Progeria is caused by a single small defect in a child’s genetic code, yet it has devastating and life-changing consequences. On average, a child born having this disease will be dead by the age of 13. While they see their bodies speed through the normal process of ageing they develop striking physical symptoms, often including premature baldness, heart disease, thinning bones as well as arthritis. Progeria is incredibly rare, there are only about 48 people living with it in the whole world. However, there is a family that has five children with the disease.
14. Blaschko’s lines: strange stripes all over the body:
Blaschko’s lines are an incredibly rare and unexplained phenomenon of human anatomy which was first presented in 1901 by German dermatologist Alfred Blaschko. Being neither a specific disease nor a predictable symptom of a disease, Blaschko’s lines are an invisible pattern included in human DNA. Many inherited and acquired diseases of the skin or mucosa manifest themselves according to these patterns, creating the visual appearance of stripes. The reason for the stripes is thought to derive from mosaicism; they don’t correspond to nervous, muscular, or lymphatic systems. What makes them even more amazing is that they correspond quite closely from patient to patient, usually forming a “V” shape over the spine and “S” shapes over the chest, stomach, and sides.
15. Exploding Head Syndrome:
Those who suffer from this disease experience a very loud noise as if it’s within his/her own head like an explosion. Typically this happens within several hours of falling asleep although not due to a dream. Patients may feel fear and anxiety associated with increased heart rate. Some physicians suggest that there’s a relationship with stress and extreme fatigue.